Speech, Language, Hearing and Cognition
It’s that time of year when your child has adjusted somewhat to school, play group or daycare and you’ve signed up for parent-teacher conferences. Around November every year, parents begin to ask questions about what skills their child should be doing and if they should or shouldn’t be worried. The internet is full of information and endless resources about child development. Below is one link that you can read online or print out. It looks at kids from 6 weeks to 7 years of age.
The website covers these areas:
Hearing: is one of the five senses. It is a complex process of picking up sound and attaching meaning to it. It includes detecting, attending to and understanding sounds. The ability to hear is critical to understanding the world around us. It is an underlying piece to speech and language development
Speech: is the verbal means of communicating. It is made up of articulation (speech sounds such as vowels and consonants), voice (the use of vocal folds and breathing to produce speech sounds) and fluency (or the rhythm/flow of speech).
Language: Is defined as the understanding and use of words to communicate. Language includes receptive language (for comprehension), expressive language (verbal output) and pragmatics (social use of language which is verbal and nonverbal).
Cognition: or cognitive development is the construction of thought processes including remembering, problem solving and decision making from childhood through adolescence to adulthood.
Keep in mind that all skills fall within a range and there is room for individual growth and progress. Developmental milestones are guidelines for when most skills develop for most kids. This list is meant to give you an overview. As always if you have concerns, talk to your pediatrician or contact local support services.
Vanessa D’Auria is a licensed speech-language pathologist providing home-based services in Brooklyn, Queens and Manhattan. For more information about Vanessa, visit speechtherapyvanessadauria.com or to ask speech/language questions, email directly at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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